This powerpoint is enclosed with information on Diabetes and Skin care as well as how sleep affects skin care. Diabetes is one of the most common medical conditions patients have. The risk factors of diabetes are family history, ethnicity (asian, hispanic, african american), obesity, lifestyle factors (exercise, smoking, diet, alcohol). The skin related hormones are HLA, melatonin, prolactin, estrogen, testosterone, and thyroid hormones. Some complications of diabetes are macrovascular and microvascular complications. The microvascular complications are retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy. Neuropathy is when there is a loss of function in your lower extremities due to the complication of the diseased state, which in this case is diabetes. To prevent complications of diabetic neuropathy, it requires taking great care of your feet. Some measures patients can take to make sure to wash their feet everyday, check the feet everyday to ensure there aren't any cuts or infections. Patients should also trim their nails to keep their feet clean. Along with doing all these things at home, patients are also advised to visit the podiatrist once a year for a regular physical foot exam to see if there is any loss of sensation on their feet.
Other skin complications of diabetes are diabetic dermopathy, diabetic blisters, digital sclerosis, etc. Diabetic dermopathy is when patients have dark brown scaly patches, which occurs from the changes in small blood vessels due to the diabetes itself. However, they are not harmful and no treatment is needed for this condition. Digital sclerosis is when patients develop thick waxy skin on the back of their hands. This happens due to the uncontrolled blood sugar levels and the only treatment for this condition is to bring down the sugar levels within range. Some ways to take care of your skin when you have diabetes is avoid very hot showers or baths. Make sure to keep the skin dry and clean. Dry skin can lead to itching which can cause scraping and cause infections. Therefore keep the skin moisturized. These are some ways to prevent skin complications, however, if these methods aren’t working, make sure to contact your doctor to get help.